You can find on this page the old map of Indonesia to print and to download in PDF. The ancient Indonesia map presents the past and evolutions of the country Indonesia in South Eastern Asia.

Ancient Indonesia map

Historical map of Indonesia

The ancient map of Indonesia shows evolutions of Indonesia. This historical map of Indonesia will allow you to travel in the past and in the history of Indonesia in South Eastern Asia. The Indonesia ancient map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.

Homo sapiens reached the ancient region of Indonesia by around 45,000 years ago. In 2011 evidence was uncovered in neighbouring East Timor, showing that 42,000 years ago these early settlers had high-level maritime skills, and by implication the technology needed to make ocean crossings to reach Australia and other islands, as they were catching and consuming large numbers of big deep sea fish such as tuna. Austronesian peoples, who form the majority of the modern population, migrated to South East Asia from Taiwan as you can see in Ancient Indonesia map. They arrived in Indonesia around 2000 BCE, and as they spread through the archipelago, confined the native Melanesian peoples to the far eastern regions. Ideal agricultural conditions, and the mastering of wet-field rice cultivation as early as the 8th century BCE, allowed villages, towns, and small kingdoms to flourish by the 1st century CE.

Indonesia strategic sea-lane position fostered inter-island and international trade, including links with Indian kingdoms and China as its shown in Ancient Indonesia map, which were established several centuries BCE. Trade has since fundamentally shaped Indonesian history. From the 7th century, the powerful Srivijaya naval kingdom flourished as a result of trade and the influences of Hinduism and Buddhism that were imported with it. Between the 8th and 10th centuries, the agricultural Buddhist Sailendra and Hindu Mataram dynasties thrived and declined in inland Java, leaving grand religious monuments such as Sailendra Borobudur and Mataram Prambanan. The Hindu Majapahit kingdom was founded in eastern Java in the late 13th century, and under Gajah Mada, its influence stretched over much of ancient Indonesia.

Although Muslim traders first traveled through South East Asia early in the Islamic era, the earliest evidence of Islamized populations in ancient Indonesia dates to the 13th century in northern Sumatra as its mentioned in Ancient Indonesia map. Other Indonesian areas gradually adopted Islam, and it was the dominant religion in Java and Sumatra by the end of the 16th century. For the most part, Islam overlaid and mixed with existing cultural and religious influences, which shaped the predominant form of Islam in Indonesia, particularly in Java. The first regular contact between Europeans and the peoples of Indonesia began in 1512, when Portuguese traders, led by Francisco Serrão, sought to monopolize the sources of nutmeg, cloves, and cubeb pepper in Maluku. Dutch and British traders followed. In 1602 the Dutch established the Dutch East India Company (VOC) and became the dominant European power. Following bankruptcy, the VOC was formally dissolved in 1800, and the government of the Netherlands established the Dutch East Indies as a nationalized colony.